THE LOST SPRING-Question
1. What does Saheb do for living? Why?
Ans.Saheb is a rag picker. His
family has left the life of poverty behind in Dhaka in to pursue their dream of
finding a better life. The children like him have no access to Education and
are forced into rag picking.
2. “Saheb is no longer his own master”, says
the writer. What does she mean?
Ans.The writer means that having
accepted the job with the tea‐stall, Saheb has
lost the independence that he enjoyed as a rag picker, even though he was poor.
Although he will now be able to supplement the family income, it will be at the
cost of his freedom,which is
difficult, binding and unfair for someone so young.
3. Why did people migrate from the village in Dhaka to Delhi ?
Ans.Better education, job opportunities and living conditions.
4. What trade does the family of Mukesh
follow? Why does the writer feel that it will be difficult for Mukesh to break away from this tradition?
Ans.Engaged in bangle making‐difficult to break away from this trade.
He belongs to the caste of bangle makers His family is caught in the web of sahukars, the middlemen, policemen, politicians and
bureaucrats, from which there is no escape.
5. What does garbage symbolize for the adults and children?
Ans.Adults –means of earning a
Children –wrapped in wonder,
Q.1. Explain the significance of title ‘Lost Spring’.
Ans: In this lesson, the author Anees Jung
examines and analyses the grinding poverty and tradition that condemn children
to a life of exploitation. Saheb as a ragpicker whose parents have left
behind a life of abject poverty in Bangladesh. His family, like the many
other families of rag pickers lives in Seemapuri.
They live in miserable condition. The writer is pained to see Saheb, whose name means the ruler of the Earth, lose the
spark of childhood. She then proceeds to tell about Mukesh
who does want to be his own master. Hailing from Firozabad, the centre of India’s bangle making and glass blowing industry,
he has always worked in the glass making factory. His family does not know that
it is illegal for children to work in such close to furnaces with such high
temperatures. They are exposed to various health hazards like losing their
eyesight as they work in dark and dingy cells. The family of bangle maker of
Firozabad are so burdened that they have lost their ability to dream. The
writer’s observation is that these poor hopeless people are but pawn in the
games that are played by Sahukars, middlemen, the
policemen, the bureaucrats and the politicians. The title is meaningful as they
lost their spring (childhood). The writer has beautifully essayed the story of
stolen childhood with a view to sensitizing us to the plight of these poor
Q.2 .Why do children walk barefoot, in
cities, or on village roads? Is it a tradition or something else? What does the
author Anees Jung sate about it in her story ‘Lost
Ans: In this story the author analyses the grinding poverty and
traditions that condemn children to a life of exploitation. She has been
noticing the group of barefoot rag pickers children for many months. She asks
one why he is not wearing footwear. Another adds if he gets, he will throw them
off. A third boy says that he wants shoes, he has
never owned a pair all his life. Then the author tells a story of a man from Udipi as a young school boy, every morning on his way to
school he would briefly stop at the temple and pray the goddess for a pair of
shoes. When he had finally got a pair of shoes, he prayed, “Let me never lose
them.” When Sahib wears pairs of discarded tennis shoes due to a hole in one of
them, it does not bother him. For one who has walked barefoot even shoes with a
hole is a dream comes true. The reality of life is that there are number of
innocent children who lose the spring (youth) of their lives under the threat
of grinding poverty which exploit them under the demand of nature for satisfying
their hunger for their survival. It is not due to lack of money but a tradition
to stay barefoot, is one explanation. This is only an excuse for the continuing
state of poverty which is the cause of the children staying barefoot in cities
or on village roads.
Q.1.Who is Saheb? What is he looking for in
the garbage dumps and where has he come from?
Ans: Saheb is a rag-picker of Seemapuri. The writer encounters him every morning
scrounging for gold in the garbage dumps in her neighbourhood.
He hails from Dhaka and he was migrated from Bangladesh in 1971. His house and
fields were destroyed by storm.
Q.2. Why do these
children remain barefoot?
Ans: Throughout the country the author has seen many barefoot rag
picker children. On asking about not wearing chappals, they many excuses. One says that his
mother has not brought them down from the shelf. Another point out that he will
throw them if she brings. The third one replies that it is an excuse. It is not
the lack of money.
Q.3. What is the condition of the children
working in the glass factory/ furnaces of Firozabad?
Ans: More than 20,000 children are illegally working in glass blowing
factories in Firoza- bad. They work around furnaces
in high temperatures to weld glasses. They work in dingy cells without light
and air. Their eyes are adjusted to the dark than to the light outside. Many of
them become victims of losing their eye-sight before they become adults. They
work all day long.
Q.4. Who is Mukesh? What is his dream?
Ans: He belongs to the family of bangle maker in Firozabad where each
family is engaged in bangle making. They live in half built huts. Mukesh says. ‘I will be a mother mechanic. I will learn to
drive a car.’ Thus he wants to be his own master.
Q.5. ‘Garbage to them is gold.’ Why does the author say to about the
Ans: More than 10,000 rag-pickers of Seemapuri
live in squatters. For them is garbage is gold and it is wrapped in wonder. For
a child, it is their bread. Sometimes a child can find a silver coin or more in
a heap of garbage. For the elders it is a means of survival.