The Enemy-Question and answers
Q.1.Why didn’t Dr Sadao put
the wounded man back in the sea even though he was his enemy?
Ans. Dr Sadao could not put the wounded man back in the sea even
though he was an enemy because he was a Doctor and the foremost duty of a
doctor is to save life. He knew the man would die if not tended medically. This
would be against medical ethics. So, he rescued him to give medical treatment.
Q.2.How did the servant express their displeasure?
Ans. The servants did not like the idea of helping an enemy. Yumi refused to wash the white man. They stopped working;
but became watchful as long as a white man was harbored
Q. 3.How did Hanna show her human side to the wounded
man after the operation?
Ans. Hanna nursed the man
herself. When he was getting ready to face some fearful eventuality she told
him not to be afraid of anything. Then she knelt and fed him gently from the
porcelain spoon. She also told him that he would be soon strong.
Q.4.What did Dr Sadao do to
send off the man?
Ans. As soon as it was dark Dr Sadao dragged
the stout boat down to the shore. He put food, bottled water and two quilts. He
medically examined the man. Then gave him his own little flashlight to signal
for food, gave him Japanese clothes, covered his blond head and let him go.
Q.5.What message does ‘The Enemy’ give?
Ans. ‘The Enemy’ gives the
message that humanism transcends all man made prejudices and barriers. Here Dr Sadao upholds the ethics of medical profession in treating
an enemy. The story is a great lesson of peace, love, sympathy, fellow feeling
Q.6 Why was not Dr Sadao sent along with the Japanese troops though he was
such a good surgeons.
Ans: Sadao- very able
doctor and famous scientist- should have ideally been sent with the troops-
would have served the Japanese troops. Wasn’t sent because he
was perfecting a discovery that was likely to render wounds clean. Also because the General was ailing and might need him for his
Q.7 Why did the messenger’s visit frighten Hana?
Ans: The messenger had come because the General was in pain and needed
the services of Mr Sadao. However Hana had thought
that the servants had given them away before the police and he had come with
summons to arrest them. So she was mortally scared.
Dr Sadao’s instinctive affinity transcends national
and cultural prejudices and barriers. Discuss.
Ans: As a young boy he
obeyed his father and honoured the fact that his education was his father’s
chief concern. Sadao was skilful Japanese surgeon who
lived in Japan during World War II. Together with his wife Hana, and the
servants, Sadao had a comfortable life. Earlier, he
had several years in the United states during medical
school. While in the United States, Sadao experienced
cultural prejudice and bias first hand. Even though he did have a positive
experience including that of a teacher and landlady Americans did.Is a dutiful son, an excellent husband and a thorough
professional- believes that it is a “cardinal
sin” on part of a surgeon not to know the human body completely. Faces a dilemma whether to help the POW or to assert loyalty to the
country and finally gives in to the call of humanity. His instinctive
affinity transcends cultural and national prejudices and barriers.
Q.2 Sadao and Hana were true
patriots and human beings. Justify with reference to the story.
Ans: Both full of patriotism,
proud of Japan and its culture. Hated Americans, found them repulsive, full of
prejudices against Japanese. Both Sadao and Hana
considered humanity above patriotism. As a doctor, he could not leave his
patient in distress, could not stop himself from saving the life of the wounded
American soldier. Both risked their lives and reputation by helping and
sheltering the soldier. Hana was equally compassionate- washed the soldier’s
wounds herself when Yumi refused. Considered
every soldier as a human being in distress. Did not
hand him over to police initially as the soldier was weak and could die.
Did not want to keep the American soldier when he fully
recovered. Sadao told the General about the
soldier. He had no objection if the soldier was killed by the assassins- but
was ill-at ease and worried that harm may come to him- shows that he is
essentially kind. Helped the soldier to escape, gave him food, clothes and
water on his boat. Sadao found relief when thwe soldier did not give any signal through his flash
light as he was safe. Saved the soldier as true human beings.
Wanted to get rid of him as true patriots.